Campaign against the power plants

“Dominga“ Investigative Committe

- Chamber of Representatives Investigates Irregularities -

La Serena, Landau, 06 April, 2017.

At the beginning of last year, Sphenisco published the “La Higuera- Chañaral Island Declaration”, in order to preserve the breeding areas of the Humboldt Penguin. More than 500 institutions and celebrities all over the world have signed the declaration. 227,444 people supported Rainforest Rescue’s online petition (s.a. “Save the Habitat of 26,000 Humboldt Penguins!”). In the declaration, the politically responsible parties were, among other things, called upon to investigate the irregularities in the environmental assessment of the mine and port projects in northern Chile.

KongressThese efforts were doubly successful. First, the Chilean Regional Government in Coquimbo rejected the planned “Dominga” project (s.a. our article on 09 March, 2017). Now the Chamber of Representatives from the Chilean National Congress have discussed the “Dominga” approval process, and decided to form an investigative committee. The goal of this committee is, by July 1st, to look into any possible “irregularities, mistakes, or loopholes” in the environmental sustainability review process. The findings of this investigation is of high political impact, even though it is not binding on the Chilean government. The committee will be lead by Raúl Saldivar. Mr. Saldivar also plans to hear the NGOs’ Oceana and Sphenisco’s views on the issue as well. During this time, our employee, Nancy Duman, will have the opportunity to present the Representatives with the deficiencies that occurred during the environmental review of the “Dominga” project.

The central failing of SEA (The governmental agency responsible Raulfor the environmental sustainability review) with respect to “Dominga,” was that only the impact of the immediate surroundings of the port project were evaluated, and not the ecosystem as a whole, which includes the neighboring protected areas. That means that the environmental sustainability review was not conducted in a regionally comprehensive manner. The breeding island Chañaral (part of the National Protection Area of the Humboldt Penguin) lies in the Atacama Region, and the impacts on this island were not taken into consideration at all. For example, dangerous emissions from ship traffic would reach this protected island within 24 hours. It is also feared that the island would be threatened by possible contamination through the entry of invasive species. SEA even went so far as to deny CONAF (the Chilean agency responsible for the protected areas) any authority in the review, and demanded that it not take a position regarding the possible ramifications of ship traffic on these protected areas. Other aspects, such as the disposal of poison residues and debris that come from ore mining, and further formalities in the environmental impact assessment were not adequately adhered to.

For the first time, a political discussion happened on a national level about the sustainable development of the “La Higuera” community.  And for the first time, attention is being paid to the possible exertion of illegitimate influence. We are curious to see how thoroughly the investigative committee will shed light on the process that led to the previous decision in the environmental review of the “Dominga” project. There is the possibility that facts will triumph over fakes. With its partners Oceana, Chao Pescao, and Modema, Sphenisco will work toward that goal.

W.K.


translated by Erich Greiner

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Online Petition “Speak out for Chile’s Humboldt penguins”!

Online PetitionWith the organization Save the Rainforest, Sphenisco has started the online petition "Speak out for Chile's Humboldt penguins!".

The petition’s demand to finally and effectively protect this sensitive environment, and to declare the marine region of La Higuera and Chañaral Island a UNESCO Natural Heritage Site, will be at the center of World Penguin Day (see below) and our activities at the Congress in La Serena, Chile.

We urgently request that you sign this petition and circulate it as widely as possible (via Facebook, etc.). It’s worth the effort! Many comments throughout the world can result in effective protection of the breeding colonies of the Humboldt Penguin, as well as the other threatened species in this area, and result in this marine region only being allowed to be used in a sustainable manner.

translated by Erich Greiner

David Wins Again Against Goliath - Huge Success for Environmental Protection and Democracy in Chile

La Serena, Landau, 09 March, 2017. 

Full of tension, we followed the open session Thursday afternoon on the vote being held at the regional government in Coquimbo, over the Dominga Project that was proposed by the company Andes Iron. Our partner organization “Chao Pescao” broadcast the session in La Serena live on the internet. Supporters and opponents chanted their demands for four hours on the plaza in front of the seat of the regional government. Their calls were heard clearly in the assembly hall. The SEA (the agency responsible for the environmental compatibility review) presented its final report, supporters and opponents from the citizenry presented their views, and even our employee Nancy Duman provided a speech, one that was equally brilliant and courageous. After that, each minister explained their decision. We could hardly stand the tension. We expected there to be perhaps two or three votes against Dominga. Somewhere along the way we lost track on what the current balance in the voting was. Shortly before 13:00 (17:00 in Germany), The President of the Regional Government, Señor Claudio Ibáñez, stated his position on the Dominga Project. He spoke in support of sustainable development for the Community of La Higuera, and at the end of his speech voted against the project. At that point six people had voted for the project and six had voted against it; a tie! When there is a tie in the votes, it is the Regional President’s vote that carries the day, and therefore the Dominga Project with the Port in Totoralillo Norte was defeated. There was indescribable joy in the assembly hall and outside on the plaza. Supporters and opponents were stunned, and searched for words. Even we were bewildered.

In 2010, Sphenisco supported the local citizens movement MODEMA against the plan to build three coal-fired power plants in exactly the Coquimbo Region, and initialized global protests against that project. Through combined efforts, the building was prevented. For the last five years, Sphenisco has been working with local environmental protectionists and campaigning for the creation of the marine protection area „La Higuera-Isla Chañaral“, to protect the habitat in which 80% of the remaining wild population of Humboldt Penguins and many other threatened species live. During this time, the organization has also supported residents in protecting the marine area and using it only in a sustainable manner. Since the beginning of 2016, Sphenisco has been tirelessly pointing out the irregularities in the Dominga Project, and among other things, created an online petition with the environmental organization “Save the Rainforest”, for which we were able to collect 225,506 signatures!

After the Port Project Cruz Grande was initially approved in this same region at the beginning of 2015 – against which environmental protectionists are suing in the Chile’s Environmental Court – the ongoing protests against “Dominga” aroused lots of attention in Chile, particularly in the last few weeks. This attention was all the more notable because at the beginning of the Chilean Presidential Campaign, it was made public that previous President Piñera (who is campaigning anew for the position) had shares of stock in the project that was financing Dominga. That very disclosure presented his surprising decision in 2010 against the building of the coal-fired power plants in a totally new light, and resulted in widespread coverage of the ongoing approval procedure for the Dominga Project. This scandal naturally played right into the hands of the project’s critics. More and more Parliamentarians and Senators declared a position against Dominga and demanded that an investigative committee be established. At the point the decision on the project was made, the political pressure on the regional government had grown enormously.

For the second time, David has won against Goliath. Through much commitment, courage, and a bit of luck, it was possible for Sphenisco, together with its partners Chao Pescao, Oceana, Modema, and critical citizens (the majority of the fishers were also against the project), to convince the responsible parties that the irregularities in the environmental impact assessment were so grave that the Dominga Project could not be approved without damage to both the environment and democracy itself.

With the current decision against the second port project, the chances have increased that the approval for the first project will be rescinded. Unfortunately, environmental and species protectionists cannot yet rest. The company Andes Iron intends to fight politically and juristically against the decision. These actions must be opposed, and a parliamentary investigative committee must be established. That is why together with our partners, Nancy Duman will continue an information campaign throughout the country, but particularly in the Coquimbo Region. In addition, together with “Save the Rainforest”, we’re planning a global campaign in April with the motto, “Permanently Protect the Home for Penguin and Co.!” Through this online petition, the protest should be strengthened and the pressure on the political committees sustained (see also “Yes to the Marine Protection Area!”, on this website).

W.K.


translated by Erich Greiner

“Yes to the Marine Protection Area”

Campaigns about World Penguin Day on April 25th

Proteste_ChileIn the main habitat of the threatened Humboldt Penguin in northern Chile, two industrial ports are supposed to be built. These intended projects are provoking many protests on World Penguin Day, in Chile and in many other countries as well.

Last year, already over 220,000 people from all over the globe signed the online petition from the organization “Save the Rainforest”, in order to bring attention to the threatened destruction of nature in northern Chile. In the affected area, many citizens objected to the planned building of the port projects and are fighting back in many ways (see the article about this issue on our website). For years, Sphenisco has committed itself to the creation of a marine protection area, and supports local residents with their efforts to preserve the marine area and to use it exclusively in a sustainable fashion.

For this year’s World Penguin Day on April 25th, Sphenisco is calling for its members and zoos in Europe and the Americas to call attention to this dramatic situation in the Humboldt Penguin’s habitat through diverse campaigns on April 25th. Among the planned actions are a worldwide photo campaign under the motto “Yes to the Marine Protection Area!” and the new online petition “A Home for Penguin & Co.”, that we are organizing with the environmental group, Save the Rainforest. Together with our partner organizations in Chile and natural protectionists around the globe, Sphenisco is appealing to Chilean President Bachelet to lastingly protect the survival of the population of wild Humboldt Penguins, and not to endanger them through the building of these port projects. The PDF file “World Penguin Day 2017” can provide more details about the campaigns.

W.K.

translated by Erich Greiner

no English translation available

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Prior to the Decision – Three Protests in One Week

La Serena, Landau, December 10, 2016.

Dominga 1The environmental assessment of the “Dominga” Mega-Project, with the port facility Totoralillo Norte, is in the final decision phase. The responsible agencies are working on their concluding statements and observations, and some have already presented them. In order to get their way with the Dominga Mega-Project, the company Andes Iron offered citizens and citizens groups in the La Higuera community a pact:  the company would finance certain projects in exchange for a “yes” vote on the Dominga Project.

Although it did not initially appear to be the case, important fishing unions in the area decided not to take part in the “round table” Andes Iron was offering; actually, it was the opposite. Instead, on December 5th, they demonstrated against “Dominga” on Route V (the highway between La Serena and Copiapo), near Caleta Hornos (see photos). Between 200 and 600 registered fisherman informed the public of the project's dangers to fishing and the harvesting of shellfish by holding up signs, burning tires, and blocking the highway. The demonstrators came from all the communities in the area, but primarily from Chungungo and Totoralillo Norte, where the port facilities are intended to be built. This protest was covered in many media sources.

On December 7th, the first of numerous mandatory workshops was supposed to take place, as required under the expanded environmental impact assessment (see also “Protests Force Expanded Evaluation”, from November 10, 2016). In these workshops, Andes Iron must present a response to the environmental impact of the port project on the neighboring environmental sanctuaries. The organizers of this first workshop expected 40 participants, but more than 100 came. Most of those people stood outside and loudly protested when they were not allowed inside. They demanded that such workshops be conducted in every single fishing village that would potentially be affected, and that each and every citizen should have the opportunity to take part in them. As a result, the event in La Higuera did not take place, and should be made up for this week, and, as demanded, also occur in all the other affected communities. Unfortunately, many in the media are reporting about this event in an incorrect and defamatory manner.

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On Friday, December 9th, the government representatives Daniel Melo and Leonardo Soto visited Punta de Choros. Daniel Melo is a member of the Environmental Committee from the Chamber of Representatives. By order of the Chilean Parliament, both representatives are reviewing  irregularities in environmental impact assessments. During a boat trip to the environmental sanctuaries and collective meal, MODEMA and Nancy Duman (Sphenisco) informed the representatives in detail about the contested projects. The representatives and environmental protectionists had also arranged a meeting in La Serena with Coquimbo Region's President, Claudio Ibáñez. At that meeting, 11,000 signatures against the Dominga Project, collected by MODEMA, were supposed to be handed over to Mr. Ibáñez. However, shortly before the meeting was to take place, the President excused himself from the meeting and had his Second Deputy represent him. During that meeting with the regional government and the media, Daniel Melo and Leonardo Soto took a clear position. They demanded that the “Dominga Project” be rejected. In the event a permit to build would be nevertheless approved by the government, they have made it clear that they will file with the Committee of Ministers for an annulment of the environmental review.

Three protests within one week strengthen the constructive forces. It might thus be possible to prevent this mega-project, despite massive economic and political interests.

W.K.

translated by Erich Greiner

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Protests Force Expanded Evaluation

Landau, November 10, 2016. 

The environmental impact assessment of the Dominga Project and the port facility Totoralillo Norte, is in the final deciding phase. The corporation Andes Iron submitted its third addendum to its application on October 17th. According to Chilean law, the responsible agencies now had to present their concluding observations within ten days.  It is expected that the regional government in Coquimbo would then quickly (before the end of the year) make a decision on the Dominga Project and the port facility.

In Andes Iron's touched-up assessment, it was now indicated that the basis of the evaluation should consider the consequences of the ship traffic on the neighboring protected areas.

The agencies such as CONAF, Sernapesca, and the 224,179 supporters of the petition “Save 26,000 Penguins” have always demanded this (see “For a Factual Environmental Impact Assessment”, from January 25, 2016). The SEA in Chile (Chilean federal agency that will evaluate the environmental impact) has accepted this additional requirement, stopped the review process that has occurred up until now, and, based on this additional factor, started the review process anew. That means that the review of ship traffic and its impact on the many surrounding protected areas will involve civic participation. Andes Iron must soon begin with workshops that will attempt to lay out to the public, what their plans are with respect to their intended projects, and explain how they plan to make sure that the many natural protection areas will not be harmed. The citizens will then have the opportunity to comment and indicate their stance on the issue until December 15th. Sphenisco is currently preparing a statement on this, and requests Chilean scientists to submit their observations. This expansion of the evaluation is a step in the right direction and improves the chances of a fact-based review of the environmental impact by the regional government, and, if necessary, by the Chilean courts. This changes nothing however, with respect to the economic and political pressure, which is enormous, that is being applied to try to get the Dominga Project and the port facility in Totoralillo Norte approved.        

translated by Erich Greiner

W.K.

   
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